In chronological order, the first traditional-popular manifestation in which we find the sheep is the program of the holiday of May 1, 1857, held in Iasi and its surroundings, on the day of the flocks, pastoral celebration kept from the Dacians under the name of Armindenea. We then find it presented in Cismigiu Park in Bucharest in the spring of 1890, on the occasion of organizing a celebration with a sports profile: “turkey, sheep, bear, bowling, goat, kite, maple, ball, ring games”.
The first competition organized by the sheep took place in the spring of 1893, when the city hall of Bucharest arranged a special land for the sheep La Sosea (where today is the Bucharest Geological Institute) and, even if we do not have much information about this event, it is considered be the birth certificate of the competitive activity organized for the sheep.In 1893, in the desire to educate the school youth and from a physical point of view, the Minister of Education Take Ionescu introduced the practice of gymnastic games in schools, including the game of sheep, with the recommendation to be practiced in all primary and secondary schools by all students. , and asking gymnastics teachers to find “ways to introduce gymnastics games in boarding schools and colleges.”
At the head of the teachers who promoted the sheep, at the place of honor is Dimitrie Ionescu, gymnastics teacher at Gh. Lazar High School in Bucharest between 1885 and 1931. He responds to the minister’s request through a memorandum, in which he argues: “… someone he only has to observe the development of a game with the ball, of a horse or of a nail, of the bar, etc., and he will be immediately convinced that all the intellectual faculties are put directly into action … ”. This memorandum was of decisive importance for the further development of the game of sheep, because Professor Ionescu, encouraged by the favorable appreciation of the minister, documented himself and, in 1895, printed the “Treaty of Sports Games”, in which he describes for the first time the game of and the rules to be followed, and in 1898, on the basis of these rules,This regulation is printed in the work of prof. CD Gheorghiu “Childish Games” – Piatra Neamt, 1905. Also here are presented a series of variants of the sheep game from all the lands of the country.
At the request of the new Minister of Education, Spiru Haret, in 1898, a commission of 6 physical education teachers was formed, which aims to standardize the various rules of the game and develop an official regulation. In this commission, besides Dimitrie Ionescu, there were personalities of the Romanian sport who proved to be great enthusiasts of promoting the Romanian element, to the detriment of the cosmopolitan current that was fashionable then, as now: Gh. Moceanu, N. Velescu, N. Dumitrescu-Taranu, Radu Corbu, Filip Stanculescu and Spiridon Badescu.
This regulation fixed the dimensions of the field, of the ball and the stick, the number of players that make up a team, the rules are established for the team from batting and catching, when a point is lost and won. This so-called “Regulation on two leaflets” used more as experimental material, giving rise to a series of discussions between specialized teachers, generated by different phases invited during the game.Professor Radu S. Corbu is, according to Dimitrie Ionescu, the one who helped Spiru Haret the most during the period when the foundations of the game regulation and the attribution of sports game characteristics were laid, both in terms of the organization and development of the game. schools.
The representative figure for that time, having completed his studies in Germany, Radu Corbu participated in 1894 in the International Gymnastics Congress in Broclaw, where he carried out the first propaganda action abroad regarding our national game.In 1898, as a gymnastics teacher at the Royal High School N. Balcescu in Braila, he organized sheep competitions in Braila, the school youth receiving with great enthusiasm the game of sheep as a national gymnastic game. In the same year, influenced by the rules of the game described by Dimitrie Ionescu in Albina magazine, he printed in Braila under his name a brochure “Oina, gymnastic game with the ball”, which he reprinted in a much improved version next year.The first regulation for conducting sheep competitions between schools was drawn up in Iasi in December 1898 by Dimitrie Ionescu, Radu Corbu and T. Berescu, and is edited by the Ministry of Education. This regulation is complete, it contains rules that must be observed in the organization of competitions, in the organization of the game, it shows how points are awarded for both teams and how the players play on the field.
In order to generalize and popularize it in all the schools in the country, Spiru Haret signs, on March 21, 1898, the following decision, published in the Official Gazette of April 15, 1899:”We, the Ministry of Cults and Public Instruction, in view of giving the school a greater development of physical exercises without which the education of youth can be neither complete nor harmonious. Given that to achieve this goal, among other means, one of the most effective is to cultivate games that develop strength, agility, courage and individual initiative.
Annual sheep game competitions are established for students of primary and secondary schools, normal schools and seminars … “